Each wireless sensor is equipped with a Leadtek 9546 GPS receiver for localization. Each receiver has an external antenna and is mounted on the sensorboard. The schematic below represents the relationship between the GPS receiver and the mica2 host.
Below are images of the receiver board mounted on to its mica2 host.
Information for the LeadTek 9546 is available from the LeadTek website:
For this application, a standard, NMEA format is used for collecting GPS data. There are various types of NMEA messages, all containing information related to universal time, geographical location, and the Global Positioning System. All messages share the common features:
@@ GP MID , ... (data) ... ,<CR><LF>
where@@ = start indicator
MID = message set identifier
<CR><LF> = stop indicator
$GPGGA,,,,,,,,,,M,,,[CR][LF] 1) UTC time of position fix, hhmmss.sss format 2) Latitude, ddmm.mmmm format. 3) Latitude hemisphere, N or S. 4) Longitude, dddmm.mmmm format. 5) Longitude hemisphere, E or W. 6) Position Fix Indicator, 0 = fix not available, or invalid. 1 = GPS SPS Mode, fix valid. 2 = Differential GPS, SPS Mode, fix valid. 3 = GPS PPS Mode, fix valid. 7) Number of sate1lites in use, 00 to 12. 8) Horizontal Dilution of Precision, 0.5 to 99.9. 9) MSL Altitude, -9999.9 to 99999.9 meters. 10) Geoidal height, -999.9 to 9999.9 meters. 11) Differential GPS (RTCM SC-104) data age, number of seconds since last valid RTCM transmission (nu1l if non-DGPS). 12) Differential Reference Station ID, 0000 to 1023. (null if non-DGPS) 13) Checksum.
USGS National Map Viewer -- use Identify tool to get Long/Lat coordinates of any point in the U.S.A.
www.topozone.com -- interactive USGS topo map of the entire U.S.A.
Last updated: $Date: 2004/07/21 23:45:41 $ by $Author: doolin $.